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ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION IN NATION-BUILDING IN PAKISTAN
Since statistical data on national development representing ethnic breakdowns for Pakistan are unavailable, this study utilized the national Social Studies curriculum as an analytical instrument, for its proportionate ethnic representation, to address the inequality controversy and processes of political socialization and stratification in Pakistani society.
The correlation between political changes in government and changes in the national Social Studies curriculum (the only uniform national curriculum designed to strengthen the national values in the younger generation) is suggestive of diverse perceptions of society by the ruling elite, and thus, reflective of an expectations mid achievements conflict among the different generations of diverse ethnic groups in that society.
This case study suggests that the role of Punjab as the sole powerful province within the Pakistani federation, while helping the ruling elite (as the political crises of 1967, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1983, and 1986 suggest) is damaging the very foundations of the Pakistani state. The necessity for broader political participation, socialization, and stratification should be realized because the assimilationist policies now prevalent (under the guise of religion) cannot keep the country united indefinitely.
Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS