This book contains the results of a series of studies undertaken in Baldia Township, Karachi. The first chapter summarizes theoretical issues as, for example, the question of the displacement of people as a possible side-effect of legalization and upgrading of settlements. Chapter two describes Karachi’s main features, its housing problem and government housing policies. The third chapter places Baldia in perspective and the project’s scope of activities. Chapters four and five present and analyse the main findings of the survey, touching on demographic aspects, housing and services and the project’s financial consequences for the inhabitants of Baldia. The last chapters present the main conclusions and recommendations of the project.
The first novel of Sartre’s monumental Roads to Freedom series, The Age of Reason is set in 1938 and tells of Mathieu, a French professor of philosophy who is obsessed with the idea of freedom. As the shadows of the Second World War draw closer — even as his personal life is complicated by his mistress’s pregnancy — his search for a way to remain free becomes more and more intense.
This is the first full length study of the life and works of Manto to appear in the forty years since his death. Considering that he was amongst the foremost of the Urdu short story writers associated with the progressive writers movement as well as a powerful influence on the current generation of Urdu writers, it w4s time to remedy this literary vacuum.