Using a political economy framework, this book examines issues related to the process of democratization, decentralisation, governance and civil society in Pakistan, in an historical and contemporary context. The book highlights social and structural transitions and transformations in economy and society, and shows how the emergence of new socio-economic groups and classes often come up against older and more established structures and institutions, resulting in conflict, contradiction and compromise. It provides a broad historical perspective of such developments, especially during the regime of General Pervez Musharraf (1999-2008). As such it is amongst the few serious evaluations of the political economy of the Musharraf years. A theme which recurs in many of the chapters relates to why there is prolonged military rule in Pakistan and why democracy has been unable to find its footings in Pakistan. An examination of the political process of 2007 leading up to the 2008 general elections and an examination of the role of political actors and of civil society forms an important core theme in this collection.
Military, Civil Society and Democratization in Pakistan will interest a wide and diverse set of readers. Those interested in the economic, social and structural transformation of Pakistan’s society will find this book useful in understanding such trends and developments. Those who want to examine more typical and mainstream forms of democratization in a different, more dynamic, framework, looking at processes and how they unfold, will also benefit from this book. ISBN: 9789694025469 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS
Issues related to nuclear non-proliferation in South Asia arising from the nuclear programmes and ambitions of India and Pakistan have long been the subject of emotive policy debate and intense scholarly research. Both Islamabad and New Delhi acknowledge that they have the capability to build nuclear weapons and the need to retain the ‘nuclear option’; at the same time, they also deny having actually done so. The complexities arising out of such ambiguities are compounded by the fact that neither India nor Pakistan have signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. With the end of bi-polar confrontation in the post-Cold War world the possibilities for achieving restraints on proliferation of weapons of mass destruction at the global level have opened up. The objective of the nonproliferation debate has focussed more closely upon South Asia where the two traditional rivals with their long history of active hostilities are capable of emerging as nuclear weapon powers. This collaborative study presents Indian and Pakistani perspectives on the subject contributed by some of the leading experts in the two countries. The focus is specifically on the technological and perceptual aspects, and the policy-postures of the two countries. The book also contains contributions on this issue by scholars from Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. ISBN: D7640 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS
This book is not an orthodox history of the Pakistani armed forces. Instead, it is an attempt to present the “imagined” history of the army and the impact of this perceived image on the reality of its establishment.
This “imaginal” point of view is a highly eulogistic and one-sided version fed officially to the public to the exclusion of, or in opposition to, the reality itself.
The image which is presented has the full backing of the state but it is not always real or true and rarely reveals the whole picture. Like the civil services, the top echelons of the army are British oriented and remain wedded to the colonial image long after the political and commercial classes have acquired an indigenous identity of their own.
Over time, however, military power has become synonymous with the health of me state itself and come to dominate the “national” image of the country.
The military has acquired a mystique and charisma which exceeds its objective reality and functional limitations. This book examines the military’s ceaseless pursuit of an imagined image of itself. It also shows how triviality rather than greatness, accident rather than design, fiction rather than fact have often been the quintessence of Pakistan’s military history.