Essays of Lord Macaulay on Robert Clive and Warren Hastings are perhaps known to every English household; but they refer to more episodes in the history, and are wanting in that familiarity with native character and forms of thought which is essential to a right appreciation of the great collision between Europe and Asia that has been going on in India for the last two centuries.
The truth is that the preparation of a history of India, political and religious, is a far more difficult and laborious task than is generally imagined.
The author began work at Madras under every possible advantage. There were libraries containing almost unique collections of books pertaining to India. To these were added the government records at Madras, which were freely opened to the author by Sir Charles Trevelyan, who was at that time Governor.
The writer has no desire to carry the reader into his workshop, or to dwell on the extent of his labors. It will suffice to say that having sounded the depths of his ignorance, he has since then lost no opportunity, official or literary, to perfect his knowledge of Indian history.
His history of British India is now given for the first time in the present volumes. It is an entirely independent work, drawn direct from the fountain head, after a study of the records of the Government of India, official reports and parliamentary blue books, and annals, memoirs, travels, or correspondences, as have been found to yield historical materials.
Why has the valley of Kashmir, famed for its beauty and tranquillity, become a major flashpoint? Given the location of the state of Jammu and Kashmir on the borders of China and Central Asia, the insurgency in the valley threatens the stability of a region of great strategic importance, challenging the integrity of the Indian union and creating potentially disastrous tensions between India and Pakistan which may yet escalate into a greater regional conflict. Kashmir in the Crossfire offers a very readable, carefully documented but highly accessible account of the origins, development and implications of this contentious issue. Beginning with the early history of the independent kingdom of Kashmir, Schofield traces the origins of the modern state in the 19th century, including the controversial ‘sale’ by the British of a predominantly Muslim Kashmir to a Hindu ruler in 1846. She examines the implications for the people when in 1947 the Maharaja came to choose between joining Muslim Pakistan and secular, yet majority Hindu, India and shows why both neighboring countries, India and Pakistan, continue to argue over the status of Jammu and Kashmir which, according to recommendations passed by the UN, was to be determined by the will of the people. Drawing upon research in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, Pakistan, and a range of historical sources, Schofield analyses critically the actions of the key players who, throughout its history, have contributed to the current militarization of the valley. And with the help of numerous interviews she takes into account the hopes and fears of all the interested parties — Pakistan, India and the people of Jammu and Kashmir who are themselves divided, not only by their linguistic and cultural traditions, but also in their objectives. ISBN: 1860641458 Publisher: I.B.TAURIS PUBLISHERS LONDON
Of the many problems which India and Pakistan have confronted since 1947, the most destructive has been their unsatisfactory relationship with each other.
The roots of this behavior were established during the course of events which brought about the creation and birth of Pakistan. Several conflicts later, including one which led to the dismemberment of Pakistan, the suspicion and hostility which characterizes relations between the two countries, after over 40 years as sovereign nation-states, is unparalleled in the history of international relations after the second world war.
Dennis Wright’s study focuses on the legacy of • the Sino-Indian conflict and how it sheds light on India’s perception ‘of the threat from Pakistan’. He examines the origins and aftermath of the issue of Kashmir and the Rann of Kutch, the implications of the Soviet Union’s close relationship with India and Pakistan’s with the US. He also discusses the movements for regional autonomy in Pakistan and what bearing these have had on Indo-Pak relations.
Wright’s argument is that, because both sides’ attitudes are so deeply ingrained, neither side has been in a position to act in the best interests of the peoples of the subcontinent as a whole.
The book draws on a mass of original data, including parliamentary debates of the period, UN records and documents, Indian, Pakistani and British newspapers and contemporary sources in books and journals ISBN: 9694020166 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS
The author has given a popular account of the principal pioneering exploits in the region lying between the Caspian and India. In his writings on Central Asia, he tries to arbitrate impartially between Russia and England, Liberal and Conservative, Russophobe and Russophile. Some of the chapters originally appeared in a skeleton form in the columns of the Newcastle Weekly Chronicle, and the work was completed on his return from the Tsar’s coronation. ISBN: 9694022703 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS
Never before has a single volume featured non-fiction writing by women from Pakistan, India and Bangladesh on the Partition of India. Here, for the first time, are Ismat Chughtai, Sara Suleri, Anis Kidwai, Phulrenu Guha, Meghna Guhathakurta, Shehla Shibli, Manikuntala Sen. Kamlaben Patel and many others, speaking and writing about communalism and literature; what they learnt from refugees; what partition means to them 50 years later; and how they define themselves—Hindus? Muslims? Indians? Pakistanis? Bengalis? All of these or none? Either or neither? Not-Indian-not-Pakistani? Bangladeshi not Pakistani? Above all, their accounts raise that most troubling question: do women have a country? An unusual mix of memoirs, interviews, reminiscences and reflective essays, this anthology is the first attempt to present women’s perspective on the partition of India, based on the experience of three countries. ISBN: 9694025044 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS