Taufiq Rafat is acknowledged as the finest Pakistani poet writing in English. He was born in Sialkot in 1927. Educated in Derra Dun, Aligarh and Lahore, he has been writing English verse for the past 45 years. His work has featured in three Oxford University Press collections of Pakistani English poetry, First Voices (1964), Pieces of Eight (1970), Wordfall (1976) and has been anthologised widely abroad in such publications as Poems of the Commonwealth, and Mentor’s Modem Asian Literature. His poems have been set in second-ary schools and College English courses in Africa, Australia and the United States, as well as in the intermediate English syllabi in the Punjab and Sind Universities in Pakistan.
His recent books include English verse renditions of the celebrated Punjabi poets Bulleh Shah and Qadir Yar’s Puran Bhagat; both volumes have received acclaim at home and abroad. He is now work-ing on a fourth book Lullabies of the Punjab, and is also in the pro-cess of writing his first novel in English.
This book brings us to 1978, and will be followed in due course by another volume called: Half Moon Poems 1979 — 1984.
This book contains the results of a series of studies undertaken in Baldia Township, Karachi. The first chapter summarizes theoretical issues as, for example, the question of the displacement of people as a possible side-effect of legalization and upgrading of settlements. Chapter two describes Karachi’s main features, its housing problem and government housing policies. The third chapter places Baldia in perspective and the project’s scope of activities. Chapters four and five present and analyse the main findings of the survey, touching on demographic aspects, housing and services and the project’s financial consequences for the inhabitants of Baldia. The last chapters present the main conclusions and recommendations of the project.
This is the first full length study of the life and works of Manto to appear in the forty years since his death. Considering that he was amongst the foremost of the Urdu short story writers associated with the progressive writers movement as well as a powerful influence on the current generation of Urdu writers, it w4s time to remedy this literary vacuum.