Since statistical data on national development representing ethnic breakdowns for Pakistan are unavailable, this study utilized the national Social Studies curriculum as an analytical instrument, for its proportionate ethnic representation, to address the inequality controversy and processes of political socialization and stratification in Pakistani society.
The correlation between political changes in government and changes in the national Social Studies curriculum (the only uniform national curriculum designed to strengthen the national values in the younger generation) is suggestive of diverse perceptions of society by the ruling elite, and thus, reflective of an expectations mid achievements conflict among the different generations of diverse ethnic groups in that society.
This case study suggests that the role of Punjab as the sole powerful province within the Pakistani federation, while helping the ruling elite (as the political crises of 1967, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1983, and 1986 suggest) is damaging the very foundations of the Pakistani state. The necessity for broader political participation, socialization, and stratification should be realized because the assimilationist policies now prevalent (under the guise of religion) cannot keep the country united indefinitely.
In early 2002, Sara Nelson – editor, reporter, reviewer, mother, daughter, wife, and compulsive reader – set out to chronicle a year’s worth of reading, to explore how the world of books and words intermingled with children, marriage, friends, and the rest of the “real” world. She had a system all set up: fifty-two weeks, fifty-two books . . . and it all fell apart the first week. That’s when she discovered that books chose her as much as she chose them, and the rewards and frustrations they brought were nothing she could plan for: “In reading, as in life, even if you know what you’re doing, you really kind of don’t.” From Solzhenitsyn to Laura Zigman, Catherine M. to Captain Underpants, this is the captivating result. It is a personal memoir filled with wit, charm, insight, infectious enthusiasm-and observations on everything from Public Books (the ones we pretend we’re reading), lending trauma and the idiosyncrasies of sex scenes (“The mingling of bodies and emotions and fluids is one thing. But reading about it: now that’s personal”) to revenge books, hype, the stresses of recommendation (What does it mean when someone you like hates the book you love?), the odd reasons we pick up a book in the first place, and how to put it down if we don’t like it (“The literary equivalent of a bar mitzvah, the moment at which you look at yourself and announce: Today I am an adult.”). Throughout, So Many Books, So Little Time is pure delight-a work at once funny, wise, and rueful: enough to make a passionate reader out of anybody. ISBN: 0399150838 Publisher: G.P. PUTNAM’S SONS