Since statistical data on national development representing ethnic breakdowns for Pakistan are unavailable, this study utilized the national Social Studies curriculum as an analytical instrument, for its proportionate ethnic representation, to address the inequality controversy and processes of political socialization and stratification in Pakistani society.
The correlation between political changes in government and changes in the national Social Studies curriculum (the only uniform national curriculum designed to strengthen the national values in the younger generation) is suggestive of diverse perceptions of society by the ruling elite, and thus, reflective of an expectations mid achievements conflict among the different generations of diverse ethnic groups in that society.
This case study suggests that the role of Punjab as the sole powerful province within the Pakistani federation, while helping the ruling elite (as the political crises of 1967, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1983, and 1986 suggest) is damaging the very foundations of the Pakistani state. The necessity for broader political participation, socialization, and stratification should be realized because the assimilationist policies now prevalent (under the guise of religion) cannot keep the country united indefinitely.
“The Teaching of English in Pakistan” appraises the quality of English Language Teaching at the tertiary level. The study researches five major colleges of Lahore and presents its findings on the quality of the syllabus, the teaching methodology and the examination system. It emphasizes the need for a change to a communicative task based approach while teaching compulsory English to Intermediate and Graduate students. The book stresses the need for training of English teachers as a prerequisite for improving the quality of the English Language Teaching programme in Pakistan. It identifies the training needs of college teachers by a determination of the background of the College English Teacher; the English language needs of college students, and the major problems of college students and English teachers which constrain the effective learning and teaching of English. ISBN: 9694022649 Publisher: VANGUARD BOOKS